Tag Archives: Children

Finding A Dentist For Special Needs Children

Special needs children require a dentist who is trained and educated to deal with them. Many of these patients have other dental concerns that may actually take precedence over the basic line of care that dental professionals extend to children on a regular basis. In spite of this, it is also vital that even the basics are upheld when it comes to caring for the oral cavities of kids with special needs.

– Basic Structure

The basic structure of the oral cavity is something that can be compromised when it comes to special kids. Their own dentists should look to maintain the basic structure of their oral cavities in order for them to be able to function well in this aspect. Many of the children have issues with regards to how they eat, what they eat and what they put in their mouths. Keeping their mouths and teeth in good shape will help to reduce the risk of other conditions that can be very common for children who need extra care and medical attention. The maintenance of good hygiene of the oral cavity is something that will help prevent further complication in this area. Children with harelips and other oral problems will benefit from the right maintenance and hygiene, while they are being evaluated and assessed by other medical professionals for other medical reasons.

– Routines

A dentist can also encourage the kids to get used to the routines that are needed to maintain good oral health. Many special children are not open to other people putting anything into their mouths, so as infants they should get used to the idea of their parents cleaning their teeth and oral cavities for them. Establishing an early routine, such as cleaning the teeth after meals, can help them feel more stable and in control of themselves. As younger children, they will be used to the cleaning routine and may even look forward to it or become adept at doing it themselves. A visit to the dentist as early as infancy can help parents to establish routines and other ways to help their children maintain oral health. It takes patience and understanding to do the cleaning and to teach the child to do it on his or her own.

Another routine that special needs kids must be open to is to floss in between teeth. No matter the state of the oral cavity, when a child eats, some bits and pieces are likely to be stuck in between the each tooth. Flossing can help minimize the risk of decay appearing in between each tooth if it is done regularly. Parents can do this when their children are still too young to handle the floss or may not be able to handle it at all. Rinsing the oral cavity after eating and drinking vitamins and medicines is also something that these children should be able to do. The dentist highly encourages parents to try to get their children to at least rinse their mouths regularly after consuming meals and after taking in sugary medicines, supplements or drinks.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7176502

By Antoinette Ayana

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You Can Teach Your Baby How to Swim

a baby in the air above a swimming pool after ...

a baby in the air above a swimming pool after being tossed toward a man by someone who isn’t shown in the photo except for his/her arms (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Contrary to what the “experts” say, you can teach your baby how to swim. When I say baby, I mean 12 months or older. Six-month-olds can be taught to flip over and float, but it is a bit trickier. Most parents are led to believe by well-intentioned pediatricians or swimming instructors that either they have to be at least 3 to start or that they must be taught by a professional. I am here to tell you that I have taught all four of my children to swim, and it is very do-able.

There are a few things to consider when you are preparing to be a swimming instructor for your own brood. Number one: You have to understand that swimming is a skill, like any other that your child undertakes to learn. Like learning to walk, there will be times when the baby is apprehensive. However, after a while, as he or she gains confidence, frustration and tears diminish and delight and enjoyment take their place. Number two: There will be people who disagree with you for attempting to do this and who will try to persuade you to stop. I know it sounds crazy, but I am reminded of several occasions in which I was literally accosted by onlookers who did not have an understanding about what I was trying to accomplish. This can be avoided by choosing a private setting for your lessons.

Before I go any further, let me just comment on floaties by saying this right up-front: If you want you baby to learn to swim, you must never put even them on their little arms. Floaties provide a false sense of security to a young child. I will never forget one day at the public pool in Kirksville, Missouri when a young child about 4 years of age jumped right into the water next to me at a depth of 4 feet and proceeded to sink straight to the bottom. Luckily, I was right there and I grabbed him before the lifeguard even had a chance to jump in the water. His mother apologized and said, “He usually has his floaties on. He must have forgotten that he can’t swim without them.” I held my tongue then, but now you know. The other thing about floaties is that they encourage an upright position in the water which is counterproductive to the learning of the swimming posture which is horizontal.

The lessons themselves should be short-ten minutes at the most. Your baby will be working very hard during this time, so keeping it short will control for the fatigue that will naturally take place. Be disciplined about this. Make sure that you have a clock to keep the minutes for you. The lessons should also be frequent. I like to do four or five days a week whenever possible. If you have more than one child, you can have them sit out while you work with each one until they can swim well on their own. I make it a rule that they cannot interrupt each other’s swim lesson. Also, make sure that your little swimmer has not just eaten and that he or she is not over-tired (nap-time).

In waist high water (for you), start out by making sure that your baby can grasp the wall at the side of the pool. Do this a few times so that they understand that their job is to get the wall. Move away from the wall an inch and tell your baby to get the wall. If she slips under the water, that is okay. Just watch that she reaches up and grabs it again. By this time, she may be crying. That is okay, too. Now you will be able to hear when she takes a breath more easily and will know when to have her grab for the wall again. Tell her what a clever baby she is for getting the wall. She is learning that she cannot breath under water and that she must hold her breath. She is also learning that the wall is where she is safe. Sometimes the water level is too low, so that it is too far for the baby to reach the edge. This is easily corrected by talking to the owner of the pool.

Three times catching the wall is plenty for this first lesson. Later, you will introduce variations like turning her so that her side is facing wall so that she must turn to get it, having her “fall” into the water with her back towards the wall so she has to turn all the way around before she can reach it and even trying different orientations to the water (ie. head first, entering on her side, etc) when she gets really good.

You want to take her out to the middle of the shallow end now and, holding her on one shoulder, show her how to kick her legs. Do this for a few minutes while saying “kick, kick, kick.” Then hold her out in front of you, pulling her through the water towards you and tell her to get your hand under the water. Right after she inhales a breath, release her and let her glide toward you for a brief one or two seconds. Praise lavishly. Two more times, and that should do it for the first lesson.

Do this for several days until your baby is holding her breath predictably and you feel comfortable taking cues from her. After a week or so, you should be able to tuck her legs under her and let her push off against your thighs to propel herself toward the wall. From that point, you will be able to end her lessons with one or more of these “big swim” to the wall. Your baby will be swimming, and you will have helped her learn.

At that point, you can add more variation to the swim routine. You can add a flip over to a back float to take a breath in the middle of her swim to catch your hand. You can also add floating on her back and flipping over to resume her swim to catch your hand or the wall. By this time, she will be having so much fun, she may even jump in to the water from the side and swim over to you. This is fun to show off at the public pool, especially if you have been shunned there before. I have had people who criticized me when I started come up and remark what wonderful swimmers my children were and that they were surprised at how much they could do at such a young age.

Of course, no matter how well your baby and children can swim, you will never stop watching them very closely around the water-but you knew that. If any of this makes you feel uncomfortable, by all means don’t do it. This is certainly not what I think you should do. All I am saying is that if you really want to teach your baby how to swim, you can. I did. Four times.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/621653

By Rana Burr

Top 5 Parenting Tips For Babies

A smiling baby lying in a soft cot (furniture).

A smiling baby lying in a soft cot (furniture). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Parenting babies can be a daunting task as you may find it hard to communicate with them. Babies do actually communicate but they do so in different ways. These tips will hopefully make it a lot easier on yourself and baby.

They didn’t come here to manipulate you. Babies will cry but only to get your attention to help them with something. They aren’t out to annoy you. They either want a changed diaper, they are too hot or cold, teething, stomach/wind pain or may just even be scared.

  1. Close contact is essential with a baby. They want to be close to their mom or dad. You can never be too close to them. It doesn’t turn them into dependent babies, it teaches them that if they are need comfort someone is there for them, hence they tend to be more confident in exploring the world.
  2. Let them explore the world around them. Don’t keep them in a playpen, baby proof your house and let them crawl around. It will keep them entertained more than any toy and help them practice crawling, which in turn helps them develop many more neurological connections.
  3. Talk to them like an adult. Babies will only learn language if they can hear it. So if they only hear baby talk that is all they can learn. Introducing them to adult conversation early will help them pick up language a lot faster.
  4. Your babies health is most likely one of your biggest concerns. While everything is new there is a tendency to panic about most minor things. Remember that billions and billions of children have gone through the first years of their life and survived in sometimes much worse conditions than we live today. So while it is always important to keep an eye on your babies health and speak to your health care practitioner should you have any concerns, you will most likely have little to worry about.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/3580707

By Adam P

Introducing ABC and 123

Alphabet

Alphabet (Photo credit: james.swenson13)

From the moment baby is born, his brain is starting to work overtime. We are wrong to think that all they do during the first weeks are eat and sleep and fill the diaper. Every interaction we do with the baby stimulates his intelligence. Little by little he recognizes mother’s voice and touch. He knows when it is time to feed him or time for bath. It is important to stimulate the baby’s brain as early as the first weeks to brace them up for more exercises the following months. Introduce those colors and sounds. You’d be surprise how early they will interact and know the ABCs and 123s.

Teaching them alphabets and counting does not require any age. As long as you think they can comprehend already, then you will know it is time. Make your nursery feel like a pre-school room. Attach alphabet posters on the wall. The more colorful it is, the more your child will notice the pictures. Show her books about numbers. Do it with a little story. You can do this in the morning when the baby is all up for a little chat and play with mommy. Recite the alphabet while you point each letter. But do not overdo it for it might stress your little tot. You can increase the time of play every day. Just be sensitive with your baby’s needs. It might tire him a bit. So you will know it is time for bath when he is not paying attention anymore.

Don’t get tired saying the letters or the numbers every day. Just a little attention from them would mean so much in the stimulation for intelligence. Do not frustrate yourself when the baby is not cooperating for that day because there might be other thing that interests him. Always be alert of what caught your baby’s attention. It might be the colorful building blocks on the other side of the room or just the nursery rhyme with a video playing in the television.

Every child learns with a different pace. You cannot expect yours to be the same with the other’s intelligence. Genetic and environment is very important. However, with moms as persistent and supportive as you are, child will learn faster and easier. The use of flashcards and posters are a big help in stimulating baby’s brain. Sing him songs, bring him around. Different people and places will catch his attention and make his brain work. Count things in front of him when you are working around the house. Do not bother yourself if he is not listening. Just recite the numbers and the alphabets. You see in a few more months, you will be surprise at how much he knows.

It is often requires a lot of time and effort on the part of mom and dad in stimulating every child’s social and intellectual development. It is during the toddler years that the child needs all the support he can get. Introducing the basics in education will turn out to be a lovely activity if not pushed too much by parents. Remember that you are not only honing his intelligence, you are also developing his emotional skill. You don’t want to sacrifice his trust on you by being too aggressive.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7013477

By Isabel R

An Introduction to Your Pregnancy: The Seventh Month

The seventh month of pregnancy is the final stretch of the second trimester. Excitement levels are high at this point; you’re feeling lots of movement and you’re probably making even more plans! You can look forward to baby showers and other events to welcome your baby. If you haven’t started to think about childbirth preparation classes or home study, now is the time to do it.

Fetus at 8 weeks after fertilization 3D Pregna...

Fetus at 8 weeks after fertilization 3D Pregnancy (Image from gestational age of 10 weeks). Retrieved 2007-08-28. A rotatable 3D version of this photo is available here, and a sketch is available here. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Your Pregnancy Week 25

When your baby isn’t sleeping, he or she is practicing. Sucking, swallowing, and even reflexes are all part of your baby’s “workout” sessions. Some of these reflexes may even help your baby during labor and birth. The “stepping” reflex may help your baby work with you to propel him or her down the birth canal.

Your baby’s fingernails and toenails grow rapidly in the womb. This will continue outside, too. You’ll need to clip your baby’s nails right after birth and every few days after that!

It’s possible to hear your baby’s heartbeat by pressing an ear to the abdomen now, so your husband or partner may like to try. You can also use a prenatal listening device or your own personal Doppler if you have one. Remember that Doppler is an ultrasound device so we’re not completely sure the effects of using one regularly. It is generally regarded as safe. A fetoscope can be used to listen to your baby with no ultrasound waves.

Your Pregnancy Week 26

Though your baby’s nostrils have been closed throughout development, they begin to open up at this point. Your baby can practice “breathing” through opened nostrils, and lung development begins. Your baby’s entire bloodstream is also developing and maturing.

Your baby may be able to hear and pick up patterns of light playing across your abdomen at this point.

You may be noticing some of the discomforts of later pregnancy at this point. Hemorrhoids and constipation can be problems for some women. Be sure you’re getting plenty of fresh vegetables and try and add some fresh fruits if you’re having trouble in the bathroom. You may also be getting tired more easily. Try to make time for an afternoon nap. Putting your feet up and resting is good for you and for your baby.

Your Pregnancy Week 27

Your baby’s brain continues its rapid growth this week, with brain activity similar to what it will be at your baby’s birth. The lungs also continue to mature, though your child is not ready for life outside the womb yet.

Many care providers recommend that you start to keep track of your baby’s movements now. You may be advised to do a “kick count” test around the same time every day, so you can be sure your baby is active and doing well. If you notice a sudden decrease in your baby’s movements, or if he or she fails a kick count test, call your care provider right away.

Though you don’t have to do a kick count test (some care providers feel it’s not necessary) you should pay attention to your baby’s movements. If you feel concerned that your baby isn’t moving enough at any point, take a break and have some fresh fruit. Then lie down on your left side and see if your baby begins to move. Remember; call your midwife or doctor right away if you’re concerned.

Your Pregnancy Week 28

Your baby has an amazingly strong grip at this point and muscles are developing rapidly. You’ll be surprised at just how strong your baby is when he or she is born. Your child’s eyes are starting to open now and will be completely formed within the coming days. Baby is anywhere from ten to thirteen inches long and weighs around two pounds.

Vigorous kicking is normal — in fact it may be keeping you up at night! Getting comfortable in bed can help you relax and fall asleep in spite of your energetic little one’s movements. Try using multiple pillows to provide support and comfort while you’re sleeping. A relaxing bath or shower can help you wind down and prepare for bed.

If your skin is very itchy you can use lotions, creams, or an oil on it daily. Remember to avoid using soap on your belly when you’re in the shower. Soap can strip the natural oils and make your belly more prone to itching and stretch marks.

This is a good time in pregnancy to be doing daily kegel exercises. These exercises strengthen the muscles of your pelvic floor. They help during your baby’s birth and help to prevent “leaks” when you laugh or cough! They’re easy to do any time of day and make a big difference.

By the way, do you want to learn more about how to have a healthy pregnancy, free of complications, and develop skills that will let you go into labor relaxed, confident, and feeling prepared?

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6650131

By Kristen Burgess

What To Do For a Special Needs Guest At a Baby Shower

Baby shower truffles.

Baby shower truffles. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

A baby shower brings with it many details that need to be thought of. Along with planning the guest list, the baby shower hostess has to think about details, such as if any of the guests for the baby shower have any special needs. The baby shower will be a happy occasion, and everyone will want to feel included to be able to partake in the festivities, and share in the joy. However, when it comes to certain guests, there will be considerations.

For example, there might be guests that are physically or otherwise disabled. This fact will have a huge impact on them, and possibly others. The hostess will have to think of leeway, and space for this guest if for example they have a wheelchair. If the disabled guest has a condition where they can’t stand, or get tired easily, the hostess will need to make sure that there are chairs, or some type of seating especially for this guest. If the disabled guest needs to use the restroom frequently, the hostess needs to not only place this guest very close to the restroom, they might want to let the other guests know to be aware of their time in the restroom. Or, there might be a second restroom that the hostess could set aside just for this disabled guest.

Another consideration that the baby shower hostess needs to think of is any dietary needs or request of the guest. At the very least, there will be cake and punch at the baby shower. Most of the time, a selection of appetizers will be served. It’s common for pot luck to occur, and then the guests will bring various dishes of food. Some of the guests might not be able to eat the ingredients in the food dishes. There could be vegetarians coming, and they need to be accommodated. Worse, some of the guest might have specific food allergies. Allergies to tomatoes, nuts, eggs, and milk are very common, and can turn the baby shower into a trip to the emergency room. The hostess should be sure to ask beforehand if anyone has food allergies. The hostess should ask anyway, because there might be some guest with gluten allergies. If a cake is served, most likely it will contain wheat and or other gluten products. Another huge food allergy to be mindful of is seafood/shellfish allergies. It’s common for some form of tuna fish, or a shellfish dish to be served, such as tuna salad, or crab salads with cocktail shrimp in them. Again, the hostess should get clearance before allowing these dishes to be served.

Last, although this might be a sensitive topic, the hostess should know if there are guests who have recovery issues. It wouldn’t be out of the question for alcohol to be served at an adult only baby shower. This might make some of the guests struggle. It’s a good idea that if there are any guests in recovery, then alcohol shouldn’t be served, or added as an ingredient in the food. At the very least, the hostess should give advance warning that there will be alcohol present.

These are some considerations that will ensure that the baby shower is an inclusive, and joyful experience for everyone involved.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5179538

By Edie Mindell

The Importance of Play for Special Needs Babies

Cover of "What's Inside? (Snapshot Lift-t...

Cover via Amazon

It’s never too early to begin playing with a baby because play is the way children learn best. Playing is how babies learn. They learn through everything they see, hear, touch, feel, and experience. So parents can have fun choosing a selection of toys to keep their baby happy and entertained. Introducing play components into the life of a special needs baby can start with a selection of toys and play products chosen for the individual needs of the child.

Parents should seek to find toys that connect with a child’s unique special needs.

So what should a parent look for when beginning to fill the toy box? Well, here are some product categories that parents should focus on because they are just what a special needs baby can benefit from.

Seven Great Categories to start a special needs baby with

1. Activity Panels-This is a great starter toy for children because it helps them learn cause and effect, hand-eye coordination and fine motor skills. Examples — walkers or adjustable gyms.

2. Cuddle Toys-Sometimes a child needs a good friend, something to hold for confidence, or a playmate to take to the park. Cuddle toys help a child express their emotions, explore social realms and provide a whole lot of comfort. They will become a friend your special needs baby will love and cherish.

3. Musical Elements-Musical toys do a great job of soothing a child, or waking them up (depending on the beat). Research shows music helps brain development and aids in promoting movement and communication.

4. Blocks-Block for block, these simple play items deliver big times for kids. Some of the top benefits they serve up are problem solving, spatial aptitude, logical and mathematical skills and learning to plan.

5. Shape-Sorters-Every baby’s toy box should have a shape-sorter toy because they are a great way for child to learn hand-eye coordination and problem-solving skills.

6. Recognition Promoters-These play products stimulate children’s memories by showing them new and familiar objects, people and places. This is an important element in helping kids recognize, prepare and remember.

7. Memory & Recall Developers-Toys are a great tool to stimulate and strengthen a child’s memory and recall abilities. Products like What’s Inside? Toy Box are a great way to get a kid started in building these important skills.

So start building your baby’s toy chest with these seven great categories of play products. Toys can help little ones learn how to fuel fun and build a whole lot of skills that serve babies and beyond.

 Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6605085

By Raiko Mendoza

Your Baby’s First Medical Check-Up

During the first 24 hours after your baby is born, he will have his first medical checkup. This should be carried out in front of you and your partner so that the medical professional can reassure you that your baby is in perfect condition.

What are the checks that will be carried out?

infant

infant (Photo credit: soupboy)

Weight and Length

Your baby will be measured the moment he is born but your doctor will measure him again during the medical checkup. Normal newborn weight ranges from 5lb 8oz and 10lb. Normal newborn length is between 18 inches and 20 inches.

Your doctor will also measure the head circumference of your baby. This will help the doctor rule out any abnormal brain or skull growth, such as hydrocephalus, microcephaly and craniosynostosis.

Heart and Lung function

Using a stethoscope, your doctor will check that your baby’s heart is steady, and his lungs are strong. However, it is not uncommon for babies to have harmless heart murmur.

Internal Organs

You will also see your doctor poking your baby’s tummy. This is to check that your baby’s internal organs are in place and are not swollen. Your doctor will also check the pulse on your baby’s groin.

Limbs

The doctor will also check that your baby’s arms are the same length and his legs align. She will also check for any sign of club foot.

Hips

Your baby will not be happy with this, as it is uncomfortable, but your doctor will check your baby’s hip joints looking for any dislocation or listening for clicking sound. The clicking sound suggests that the hip is unstable and may be prone to dislocation later on.

Genitals

Baby boys get their genitals check to see if their testes have descended. Testes descend when the baby is full term. If the doctor can’t feel it, it is possible that it is retractile. It means that it had descended but went back up the abdomen as a reaction to a cold touch. If your baby’s testes haven’t descended, it may need to be persuaded down later.

Spine and Anus

The doctor will put your baby on his back and check that his vertebrae are aligned, and his anus is not blocked.

Eyes and Palate

Finally, your doctor will put her fingers on your baby’s mouth to suck while she checks her eyes and at the same time checking for any cleft on his palate.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/7220034

By Hope Varnes

Tips For The Safety Of Kids

What we should do?

1- Always keep the baby neat and clean

2- Cut the nails properly with utmost care

3- Wet nappy should be removed and parts should be cleaned with soap

4- Take care of the genitals because fungal infection is common in that area. Parts should be kept dry

5- Care of the scalp is very important. Fungal infections, dermatitis etc. can be prevented by proper cleaning

6- Tight dress can cause irritation, hence dress should be loose and should allow entry of air

7- Room should have sufficient light and ventilation. It should be free from dust and insects

8- Separate bed preferably water proof is needed for kids .It should be arranged near mother’s bed

9- Always keep some music making toys near the baby

10- While carrying the baby support the head with hand. Since the neck muscles are weak sudden fall of head can be dangerous

11- Mothers milk is the best nutrition for the baby, it also gives emotional attachment. Breast milk should be given as per the babies need preferably in mother sitting position. Proper cleaning of nipple is also necessary. Mother should take good nutritious diet throughout lactating period

12- If there is some contraindication for breast feeding, cow’s milk can be given. Feeding bottle should be cleaned with warm water and should be kept dry till next use

13- Cow’s milk should be boiled and cooled. Some diseases like bovine tuberculosis, brucellosis etc. spread through raw milk

14- Some children are allergic to some substances like food, milk, dress, cosmetics etc. Try to find out the material causing allergy and avoid such things

15- Mosquito nets should be used regularly. Diseases like malaria, dengue, filariasis, yellow fever and etc. spread through mosquito bites. Mosquito bite can also produce skin eruptions with some allergic reactions. It also disturbs sound sleep

16- A calm atmosphere should be maintained for a good sleep. Compared to adults infants need more sleep. It is said that growth hormone secretion is activated during sleep

17- Growth development, behavioral development, motor development, personal social development, language development etc. should be noted down in relation to age. However parents need not be over anxious because slight variations are seen from individual to individual

18- Assessment of growth by measuring height and weight is necessary

19- In the early months of life infant may defecate after every feed. Proper toilet training should be given when the infant grows. The infant can be placed on the toilet seat by the age of ten months

20- The toilet seat (potty seat) should be cleaned with antiseptic liquid before and after use. It should not be shared by other children

21- If the baby shows some signs of distress like excessive crying, convulsions, fever with rigor, stiffness of neck, frequent vomiting and diarrhea, bluish discoloration of the body, difficult breathing with grunting, etc. pay attention and consult your doctor

22- A first aid box should be kept in the room, which should contain sterile cotton, dressing materials, antiseptic lotion and ointment and forceps. Separate book should be maintained to note down the phone numbers of doctors, ambulance, police etc.

23- Child’s medicines should be kept in separate box. Information regarding dose and mode of administration should be written in a paper and affixed on the box

24- While driving keep the baby in separate seat belt

25- When you are going out with the baby keep an identity card with your phone number and address inside his small pocket

26- When the infant starts walking always accompany him to prevent a fall and injuries thereby

27- In emergencies take the first aid measures and take the victim to nearby hospital

English: Sleeping baby boy

English: Sleeping baby boy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Choking: The baby may swallow some solid objects and cause obstruction. Immediately make the baby to lie on the abdomen in head low position and press the abdomen backwards and towards the chest. Stroking the upper back is also useful. If no result call a trained person to take the material with the help of forceps.

Accidental poisoning: Try to takeout the poisonous substance and induce vomiting (except kerosine & acids). Wash the body with water to reduce absorption through skin. Identify the poison and take the victim to the hospital.

Burns: First of all remove the source of heat and put clean cold water. Burned clothes should not be removed immediately. Cover the wound with sterile cotton and take to nearby hospital.

Wounds: Clean the wound with clean water and stop the bleeding by compressing, raising the wound above the level of heart or use a tourniquet to compress blood vessels. Then dress the wound with sterile cotton and bandage and consult a doctor.

Drowning in bath tub:Take the baby immediately and keep in head low position, press the abdomen gently or give a mouth to mouth sucking till the air way is clear. Give mouth to mouth breathing and cardiac massage and take the victim to the hospital.

Electric shock:Stop the source of current. Then observe the victim, if no breathing give mouth to mouth breath along with cardiac massage and take to the hospital.

28- And the last but not the least, give your child maximum care, love and support to make him healthy and happy for ever.

What we should not do?

1- Never shake the baby; it can cause damage to the brain

2- Don’t keep any small articles near the baby

3- Sharp pointed articles like pen, pencil, etc. should not be given to kids

4- Avoid entry of water in to the ear while giving a bath

5- Food should not be given forcibly when the baby is crying or coughing continuously

6- Should not overfeed the baby

7- Articles like mosquito repellents, moth balls, ink, gum, medicines, etc. should be kept away

8- Avoid tight clothing

9- Should not be placed near the edge of the bed

10- Should not give the baby to strangers and avoid close contact with others

11- All electrical instruments should be kept away, and bed should not be arranged near electrical sockets and wires

12- Kitchen is a dangerous place for children. Don’t keep them alone in the kitchen

13- Water level in the bath tub should be minimum and don’t go for any other works (to attend phone call or calling bell etc.) when the baby is in the tub

14- Avoid smoking inside the house

15- Should not allow pet animals to be in very close contact with the kids.(anti rabies injections should be given to pets and cut their nails properly)

16- When the child starts walking should not be kept alone on the upstairs and should not allow them to climb the steps

17- Strong light should be avoided in the room

18- When you are travelling don’t give the food articles given by co passengers

19- Baby should not be allowed to crawl on the soil

20- If you are sick or someone else is sick be away from the kids

21- Don’t take the baby to hospital wards, crowded market places and polluted dusty areas

22- Table lamp should not be kept near the kids, this will attract insects at night and cause problems

23- Others medicine should not be given to the children

24- Medicine which has crossed the expiry date should not be used